Migrant And Bilingual
How Immigrant Students Are Identified
The Office of English Language Acquisition of the U. S. Department of Education requires states to submit counts on the number of immigrant students enrolled in public and private schools each school year.
The Immigrant Education Program student eligibility standards are found in the federal statute Title III (20 U.S.C. 6801 et seq.) and define an Immigrant as:
- Children/youth between the age 3 through 21
- Born outside of the United States and its territories
- Have attended school in the United States for less than three full academic years
The Kennewick School District enrollment form asks parents/guardians to list the student’s birth country and the date first enrolled in a United States Public School. The Home Language Survey also asks parents/guardians to list the country of birth. Information from these two forms is used by the school district to gather this information.
It is important for the school secretary to send a copy of the Home Language Survey or a copy of the enrollment form indicating a country of birth outside the United States to the bilingual secretary. Sometimes the child may be born in another country and speak English (i.e. Canada, Great Britain, etc.). These students may also qualify as Immigrant.
Definition of Immigrant Children and Youth under Title III ESEA Title III, Sec. 3301(6)
The term “immigrant children and youth” refers to individuals who:
- Are ages 3 through 21.
- Were not born in any state. “State” means the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Section 3301(6) of ESEA). Children born to U.S. citizens abroad (e.g., children born on a military base overseas) may be considered immigrants if they meet all the criteria in the definition of immigrant.
- Have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more states for more than 3 full academic years. A full academic year is 10 months of school attendance kindergarten through 12th grade. If a student has been in different schools in different districts and even in different states, the number of months that the student has been in school in any one or more states must not add up to a total of more than 3 full academic years.
Identify students who meet the definition of “immigrant” by asking the following questions from the state’s home language survey during enrollment:
- In what country was your child born?
- Has your child attended school in the United States before enrolling in this district? For how many months?
In addition to the home language survey, this information can also be collected through birth certificates and school records.
Languages Spoken in Kennewick Schools